Mecca, has a rich history deeply rooted in religious significance. Before its transformation into a bustling city, Makkah was surrounded by rugged, black, and barren mountains. Over time, with the advent of Islam and the annual pilgrimage (Hajj), Makkah became a focal point for millions of Muslims worldwide. The city’s significance grew exponentially, leading to its development and expansion. Today, Makkah stands as a symbol of unity for Muslims and remains one of the holiest cities in Islam, with landmarks like the Kaaba and the Masjid al-Haram at its heart.